We help you understand the word Muhammad in English. The prophet, who looked upon every evident correction of his gospel as an attack upon his own reputation, brooked no contradiction, and unhesitatingly threw down the gauntlet to the Jews. In 630, Mecca capitulated and by his death Muhammad had united most of Arabia. As they were being taken in groups to the Messenger of God, they said to Ka’b b. Asad, "Ka’b, what do you understand. This placed Muhammad in danger; the withdrawal of clan protection implied that blood revenge for his killing would not be exacted. Al-Hibri, Azizah Y. These benefits included the requirement of the Meccans to identify Muhammad as an equal, cessation of military activity allowing Medina to gain strength, and the admiration of Meccans who were impressed by the pilgrimage rituals. [194][197][198] [46], During the early years of Muhammad's life, the Quraysh tribe to which he belonged became a dominant force in western Arabia. The plaits of his hair were parted. Many Muslims believe that angels pray with families which have a member named Muhammad. Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH), Collection of 99 Names of Holy Prophet Muhammad مُحَمَّد ﷺ with English translation and meaning of each name. [79] Muhammad's mission also involves preaching monotheism: The Quran commands Muhammad to proclaim and praise the name of his Lord and instructs him not to worship idols or associate other deities with God. Muhammad was the Prophet of Islam (may the peace and blessings of God be upon him), the final prophet of the monotheism of Adam, Noah, Moses, and Jesus. "Muḥammad". [46] In line with broader trends of the ancient world, the region witnessed a decline in the practice of polytheistic cults and a growing interest in a more spiritual form of religion. Muhammad (PBUH) Meaning in English Muhammad (PBUH) Meaning in English: Searching meanings in English can be beneficial for understanding the context in an efficient manner. [165], The truce of Hudaybiyyah was enforced for two years. "[285] Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his Social Contract (1762), "brushing aside hostile legends of Muhammad as a trickster and impostor, presents him as a sage legislator who wisely fused religious and political powers. By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.[17][18]. John Henry Haaren, Addison B. Poland (1904), p. 83, The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad (2010), p. 35, Nemoy, "Barakat Ahmad's "Muhammad and the Jews", p. 325. The Shahadah is the basic creed or tenet of Islam. [34] Muslim scholars on the other hand typically place a greater emphasis on the hadith literature instead of the biographical literature, since hadiths maintain a verifiable chain of transmission (isnad); the lack of such a chain for the biographical literature makes it less verifiable in their eyes. A Meccan force was sent to protect the caravan and went on to confront the Muslims upon receiving word that the caravan was safe. [131], A scout alerted Muhammad of the Meccan army's presence and numbers a day later. [125] Most members of those tribes converted to Islam, and little pagan opposition remained. [106], A delegation, consisting of the representatives of the twelve important clans of Medina, invited Muhammad to serve as chief arbitrator for the entire community; due to his status as a neutral outsider. [14][15][16], Muhammad's followers were initially few in number, and experienced hostility from Meccan polytheists. [16] On the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah Muhammad delivered his Farewell Sermon, at Mount Arafat east of Mecca. [266] Caetani and J. Burton have argued against the historicity of the story on other grounds. [260], The Sunnah represents actions and sayings of Muhammad (preserved in reports known as Hadith) and covers a broad array of activities and beliefs ranging from religious rituals, personal hygiene, and burial of the dead to the mystical questions involving the love between humans and God. The Prophet was of moderate height having broad shoulders (long) hair reaching his ear-lobes. At about the same time Muhammad contracted an engagement with 'A'ishah, the six-year-old daughter of Abu Bakr, and married her shortly after his arrival at Medina. Meeting him secretly by night, the group made what is known as the "Second Pledge of al-'Aqaba", or, in Orientalists' view, the "Pledge of War". [16] The Arab population of Yathrib were familiar with monotheism and were prepared for the appearance of a prophet because a Jewish community existed there. Pastoret writes that the common accusations of his immorality are unfounded: on the contrary, his law enjoins sobriety, generosity, and compassion on his followers: the "legislator of Arabia" was "a great man. Similarly, since 2008 it has been the most popular baby boy name in Brussels and Antwerp, Belgium's most Muslim-populated cities. The Battle of Badr commenced. That’s all there’s to it. He was not marred by a skinny body, nor was he overly small in the head and neck. [115], In March 624, Muhammad led some three hundred warriors in a raid on a Meccan merchant caravan. ", Muslim tradition credits Muhammad with several miracles or supernatural events. [77] According to the Quran, one of the main roles of Muhammad is to warn the unbelievers of their eschatological punishment (Quran 38:70, Quran 6:19). [301][302][303] During the Middle Ages various[304][305][306][307] Western and Byzantine Christian thinkers considered Muhammad to be a perverted,[304][306] deplorable man,[304][306] a false prophet,[304][305][306] and even the Antichrist,[304][305] as he was frequently seen in Christendom as a heretic[308][304][305][306] or possessed by demons. ﭑ ﭒ ﭓ ﭔ ﭕ ﭖ ﭗ ﭘ ﭙ. [154], —The statement of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah[155], Although Muhammad had delivered Quranic verses commanding the Hajj,[156] the Muslims had not performed it due to Quraysh enmity. Definition and synonyms of Muhammad from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. He also upheld the sacredness of four lunar months in each year. This pledge became known as the "Pledge of Acceptance" or the "Pledge under the Tree". The pre-Islamic Middle East was dominated by the Byzantine and Sassanian empires. The Sunnah contributed much to the development of Islamic law, particularly from the end of the first Islamic century. [280] Today, millions of historical reproductions and modern images are available in some Muslim-majority countries, especially Turkey and Iran, on posters, postcards, and even in coffee-table books, but are unknown in most other parts of the Islamic world, and when encountered by Muslims from other countries, they can cause considerable consternation and offense. When they justified themselves by referring to the Bible, Muhammad, who had taken nothing therefrom at first hand, accused them of intentionally concealing its true meaning or of entirely misunderstanding it, and taunted them with being "asses who carry books" (sura lxii. [21][22][23] The Quran, however, provides minimal assistance for Muhammad's chronological biography; most Quranic verses do not provide significant historical context. In December 629, after eight years of intermittent fighting with Meccan tribes, Muhammad gathered an army of 10,000 Muslim converts and marched on the city of Mecca. Muhammad's denunciation of the Meccan traditional religion was especially offensive to his own tribe, the Quraysh, as they were the guardians of the Ka'aba. Non-Muslims wishing to convert to Islam are required to recite the creed. [137] Muhammad heard of men massing with hostile intentions against Medina, and reacted in a severe manner. [271] While both Sunnis and Shias have created images of Muhammad in the past,[272] Islamic depictions of Muhammad are rare. Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). This concept is known as Shahada and is emodied by the saying “la ilaha illallah muhammadur rasulullah”. This is only done if the person has a second given name. The earliest Syriac source is the 7th-century writer John bar Penkaye. He was born in Mecca as a member of the ruling Hashim clan of the tribe of Quraysh. Whenever alliances against Medina were formed, he sent out expeditions to break them up. It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Muhammad is "praiseworthy". [16][283] Guillaume Postel was among the first to present a more positive view of Muhammad when he argued that Muhammad should be esteemed by Christians as a valid prophet. If he commands, they obey implicitly, with eagerness and haste, without frown or complaint. [16], The first group of converts to Islam in Medina were the clans without great leaders; these clans had been subjugated by hostile leaders from outside. [109] By 622, Muhammad emigrated to Medina, a large agricultural oasis. [212] The Quran requires payment of an alms tax (zakat) for the benefit of the poor; as Muhammad's power grew he demanded that tribes who wished to ally with him implement the zakat in particular.[213][214]. [18] Umar ibn al-Khattab, a prominent companion of Muhammad, nominated Abu Bakr, Muhammad's friend and collaborator. Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. Muhammad consented to the marriage, which by all accounts was a happy one. [28][29] However, Ibn Hisham admits in the preface to his biography of Muhammad that he omitted matters from Ibn Ishaq's biography that "would distress certain people". [9] [280] During the 19th century, Iran saw a boom of printed and illustrated mi'raj books, with Muhammad's face veiled, aimed in particular at illiterates and children in the manner of graphic novels. With the help of Ali, Muhammad fooled the Meccans watching him, and secretly slipped away from the town with Abu Bakr. You took them in God's trust, and legitimated your sexual relations with the Word of God, so come to your senses people, and hear my words ..." He told them that they were entitled to discipline their wives but should do so with kindness. [273][274] During the Ilkhanid period, when Persia's Mongol rulers converted to Islam, competing Sunni and Shi'a groups used visual imagery, including images of Muhammad, to promote their particular interpretation of Islam's key events. [277] Concomitantly, some of the unveiled images from earlier periods were defaced. In 613,[10] Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly,[11] proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "submission" (islām) to God[12] is the right way of life (dīn),[13] and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam. It is derived from muhammad which means 'praiseworthy' ; hamida 'to praise, to commend, to thank'. [177] Muhammad defeated the Hawazin and Thaqif tribes in the Battle of Hunayn. See more. Muhammad is a Muslim Boy name which originates from the Arabic language.Acording to Numerology Predictions, lucky number for Muhammad is 2. Those who migrated from Mecca along with Muhammad became known as muhajirun (emigrants). 'Awf tribe, had composed verses taunting and insulting the Muslims. [82] Powerful merchants attempted to convince Muhammad to abandon his preaching; he was offered admission to the inner circle of merchants, as well as an advantageous marriage. Tabari, Volume 9, Page 131; Tabari, Volume 7, Page 7, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya recorded the list of some names of Muhammad's female-slaves in, "A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims" chapter ", Ann Goldman, Richard Hain, Stephen Liben (2006), p. 212, Tolan, John. You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words along with Muhammad. [226][227] After Khadijah's death, Khawla bint Hakim suggested to Muhammad that he should marry Sawda bint Zama, a Muslim widow, or Aisha, daughter of Um Ruman and Abu Bakr of Mecca. Get Asma-e-Muhammad (PBUH) in video format [16] Muhammad's birthday is celebrated as a major feast throughout the Islamic world, excluding Wahhabi-dominated Saudi Arabia where these public celebrations are discouraged. Muhammad led his force outside to the mountain of Uhud (the location of the Meccan camp) and fought the Battle of Uhud on 23 March 625. The boy muhammad Arrar was shot in the chest and killed [209][210] For example, according to Lewis, Islam "from the first denounced aristocratic privilege, rejected hierarchy, and adopted a formula of the career open to the talents".[which? He addressed the issue of inheritance by forbidding false claims of paternity or of a client relationship to the deceased and forbade his followers to leave their wealth to a testamentary heir. Medina was a large flourishing agricultural settlement, while Mecca was an important financial center for many surrounding tribes. "[16], After the Reformation, Muhammad was often portrayed in a similar way. Synonyms: 1.Timeline: 1. muhammad Ali's showmanship in the ring shouldn't detract from his considerable skill: 2. muhammad was too old for the draft: 3. Learn more. This was possibly due to housing the Banu Nadir who were inciting hostilities against Muhammad, or to regain prestige from what appeared as the inconclusive result of the truce of Hudaybiyya. Among them were the enemy of God, Huyayy b. Akhtab, and Ka’b b. Asad, the head of the tribe. This choice was disputed by some of Muhammad's companions, who held that Ali ibn Abi Talib, his cousin and son-in-law, had been designated the successor by Muhammad at Ghadir Khumm. A male given name from Arabic very popular among MuslimsAlternative forms []. It is thought to be the most popular name in the world, being given to an estimated 150 million men and boys.[2]. [129] In the ensuing months, the Meccans sent ambush parties to Medina while Muhammad led expeditions against tribes allied with Mecca and sent raiders onto a Meccan caravan. [7] In later years, he would periodically seclude himself in a mountain cave named Hira for several nights of prayer. After several unsuccessful negotiations, he found hope with some men from Yathrib (later called Medina). [268][270] Today, the interdiction against images of Muhammad—designed to prevent worship of Muhammad, rather than God—is much more strictly observed in Sunni Islam (85%–90% of Muslims) and Ahmadiyya Islam (1%) than among Shias (10%–15%). [154], Muhammad's descendants through Fatimah are known as sharifs, syeds or sayyids. Muhammad established a theocratic state at Medina after 622 and began to convert Arabia to Islam. Nemoy is sourcing Ahmad's, Kister, "The Massacre of the Banu Quraiza", Harold Wayne Ballard, Donald N. Penny, W. Glenn Jonas (2002), p. 163, Ibn Ishaq (translated by Guillaume, A. [11][81] Most Meccans ignored and mocked him, though a few became his followers. Being alarmed at the departure, according to tradition, the Meccans plotted to assassinate Muhammad. The word can therefore be translated as "praised, commendable, laudable". According to the sixth edition of The Columbia Encyclopedia (2000), Muhammad is probably the most common given name in the world, including variations. However, its actual pronunciation differs colloquially, for example, in Egyptian Arabic: IPA: [mæˈħæmːæd], while in exclusively religious contexts, talking about Islam: IPA: [moˈħæmːæd]. [87], However, there is a completely different story on the reason why the Muslims returned from Ethiopia to Mecca. 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