Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. The scientific name of the species, didyma, literally means “in pairs”. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Ryding, P. O. Family: Lamiaceae. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. They are hermaphroditic, with male and female structures in each flower. Its overall lack of vigor, poor habit, disease pressure, and nearly non-existent floral display all weighed heavily on its rating. Click on a place name to get a complete … pp 167-275 In: Kubitzki, K. (editor) and J. W. Kadereit (volume editor). Beebalm - Crimson - Monarda didyma - Live plant - Oswego tea, Bergamot. Zones: 4-8. [19] The genera Blephilia and Pycnanthemum are close relatives of Monarda, but they might not be the closest. BEE BALM (MONARDA DIDYMA) OIL, BEE BALM OIL, BEE BALM OIL, ESSENTIAL, BERGAMOT ESSENTIAL OIL, ESSENTIAL BEE BALM OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) ESSENTIAL OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) FRUIT OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA (BERGAMOT) OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA ESSENTIAL OIL, MONARDA DIDYMA … citriodora var. Shop by category. This species can grow up to 6 feet tall, and because of the red flowers, it is very popular with hummingbirds. Bee balm is a natural source of the antiseptic compound thymol, the primary active ingredient in some modern commercial mouthwash formulas. Unlike most Nepetas that have a bit of a wild, unkempt look, this first class selection keeps its tidy, dense, rounded shape all season long. Although many species of Monarda can be used similarly, the most common variety used is Monarda fistulosa, which is spicier and hotter in its actions than the common garden variety, Monarda didyma. Monarda L. Species Accepted. Missouri Botanical Garden. Species: M. didyma. PP1 - Efficacy Evaluation of Plant Protection Products; PP2 - Good Plant Protection Practice; PP3 - Environmental Risk Assessment of Plant Protection Products ... Class Angiospermae ( 1ANGC ) Category Lamiids ( 1LAMD ) Order Lamiales ( 1LAMO ) … Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. Hybrids occur in the wild, and they are common in cultivation. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. citriodora – lemon beebalm P: Variety Monarda citriodora Cerv. The Winnebago used a bee balm tisane as a general stimulant. CABI Data Mining, 2011. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. The bee balm plant (Monarda didyma) is a perennial native to North America.This plant is especially common in the Eastern US and can be found growing in woodlands area and along stream banks. [5][6], The crushed leaves of all species exude a spicy, fragrant essential oil. Order. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. ... See also Chapman's Flora of the Southern United States, and Wood's Class-Book of Botany.) Large, poofy whorls of scarlet red, tubular flowers are carried on upright stems. The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. Lamiales. Monarda, commonly known as bee balm, has been a popular garden perennial for many years. ex Lag. Zone: 4-9 Magnoliopsida. The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Height/Spread: Dwarf clumping habit, 14-18 inches tall and 10-12 inches wide. Its small, grey-green, aromatic leaves are topped with well … Monarda species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including case-bearers of the genus Coleophora. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The page you requested was not found, and we have a fine guess why. Coleophora monardae feeds only on Monarda plants, and C. heinrichella and C. monardella only feed on the species M. fistulosa. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Even when grown in a shaded environment, the plants continued to struggle. Toggle navigation. If you typed the URL directly, please make sure the spelling is correct. Genus: Monarda. Taxonomy: Angiospermae, Lamiales, Lamiaceae, Nepetoideae, Mentheae, Monarda Published: 2015-04-13 Pollen Description Shape, Size and Aperture. It is commonly referred to by its English name of bergamot or bee balm (because of its tendency to attract bees). Plants growing in partial shade spread horizontally and produce fewer flowers. Go! Seed collected from hybrids does not yield plants identical to the parent. Species and cultivars you need to learn for class: Monarda didyma. 2010. The Plants Database includes the following 18 species of Monarda . Kingdom Plantae > Division Tracheophyta > Class Magnoliopsida > Order Lamiales > Family Lamiaceae > Genus Monarda . Monarda Monarda didyma Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Lamiaceae Subfamily: Nepetoideae Tribe: Mentheae Genus: Monarda L. Type species Monarda fistulosa L. Synonyms Cheilyctis Benth. THE genus Monarda is especially well qualified to be called a representative of the Mora of the United States, as most of the species belonging to it are found here, while the very few other species which are known besides grow in Mexico. Scora, R. W. 1967. Native Americans and later settlers also used it to alleviate stomach and bronchial ailments. [10], The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[11], The UK National Collection of Monardas is held at Glyn Bach Gardens at Pont Hywel, Efailwen, near Llandissilio in Pembrokeshire.[18]. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. The class clown of plants. ssp. Their roots need air, and their soil watered. Prefers rich, humusy soils in full sun, but appreciates some afternoon shade in hot summer climates such as the St. Louis area. For both culinary and medicinal use, harvest the aerial parts of the plant- … Genus: Monarda. Taxonomic Tree. 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